All right. Bitcoin blockchain, doge coin, Ethereum NFTs. Everyone is talking about cryptocurrencies right now, but good Lord. What does all of it mean?

This article  will take you from crypto N to crypto genius. I’m gonna tell you what it is, why it keeps becoming more important. What I’ve actually invested in myself and the dark side of it.

Old Money

Okay. So when society was in its early stages, there was no such thing as money. We’ll call this stage one, the only way to buy something off someone was to go up to them and be like, oh, I really like your horse. I’ll trade you my cap for it.  But the issue with the system like that is that even though you might be perfectly happy to sell your horse, for example, you just might not want the cat the other guy was offering. So that trade will never happen. But that’s where currency came in.

Stage two coins, which, because they were made of precious materials like gold and silver, everyone just accepted that they were worth something you’ve heard of the British pound. Right? Well, the reason they’re called pounds is because one pound literally just used to be one of silver. And so all of a sudden in a trade, it doesn’t matter if you don’t want my cat. As long as I have coins, we can still trade for your horse. Even if you have no use at all for the silver, because it’s a precious material, you have that reassurance that you can take that coin, give it to someone else and trade for something that you do want convenient, right? But then this evolved to stage three. As banks became established and governments had control, we realized that as long as there was trust in the system, we could move away from needing to carry blocks of precious metal towards something, even more convenient, paper money.

It does the same thing, but now the money doesn’t have value because it’s made of pure silver. It just has value because the government says it has value like this 10 pound note here in the UK, the note itself is just made of well, it’s actually made of plastic. They changed it recently because it’s more durable. But if you look closer, you can see that all this actually is, is the bank of England promising that they will pay the bearer of this note, 10 pounds. Really, this is just a receipt, a kind of proof that you own a certain amount of money, but as technology’s improved, even further, we found even more convenient ways of storing and trading our stuff. We’re now in what I would call stage four, where more people than never are buying things online and using credit cards. And really when you’re at that stage, we don’t see our money anymore.

New Money

It’s not about coins or notes or cats. It’s just entries on a spreadsheet. Like when I buy a music album from Amazon, all that’s happening is that bank adds an entry in my spreadsheet that says, Aaron now has $10 less. And then Amazon’s bank adds an entry that says they have $10 more. So the reason I’ve given you this entire intro is to give you context on where cryptocurrency sits. It’s seen by many people as the most convenient era of exchange ever stage five. The way to think about a cryptocurrency is that it’s 100% virtual. I know the logo for Bitcoin kind of looks like a physical coin. It really is a bit coin the hell. But with crypto, there is no gold. There is no silver. There is no paper. It really is just the transfer of digital assets. The core concept is exactly the same.

Think of them as literally just running spreadsheets of who’s paid what to who, but instead of multiple banks, keeping their own separate records with crypto, there is just one enormous spreadsheet of every transaction made using that currency. And this is called a ledger. Okay? We all have a good spreadsheet, but what of us about why is everyone going crypto crazy? Well, there are some distinct advantages to a currency system like this one it’s decentralized, which means that while every transaction of a given cryptocurrency is all recorded on the same ledger, there are many, many copies of that ledger. And anyone who is a part of the network has one. You might have heard of cryptocurrency mining or Bitcoin mining. Well, all that is, is someone who set up a computer to crunch through transactions on their copy of this ledger full spreadsheet. There are already about a million Bitcoin miners around the world, and Bitcoin is just one type of cryptocurrency.

The reason they’re doing it well, if you dedicate your computer’s power to mining, say Bitcoin, then you will earn some Bitcoin as compensation. So the result of this is that if I go into a store and spend five Bitcoins on something, then instead of just checking with one bank’s records, the shop instead checks with every single computer on this network. If I have enough and assuming I do each computer will give the go ahead. And then every single one will update their records independently. So because having this many copies of exactly the same ledger, it becomes very easy to tell if anyone’s trying anything fishy.

Like if I try to hack into someone’s computer that’s on the network and give myself more money by adjusting figures on their copy of the ledger, it’s not gonna get through the system will realize that 19 9.9% of the copies on the ledger are saying one thing, but one of them is saying something else. So must have been tampered with. There was very clear organization to the system. And I think people believe in it because they see the future as open traceable transactions, much more so than having like some bits of the record over here and other bits over there. And I know it seems complex at this point, but as we go through this, I think you’ll realize that for a lot of people, in a way it’s simpler, there are plenty of areas in the world that have internet access, which is all you’d need for crypto, but don’t have access to traditional banks, which require a lot of paperwork and documentation two.


And I’ve kind of implied this already, but the main perk of crypto is that you don’t need banks anymore because everything is stored by the people on this ledger. You can make international payments almost instantly, instead of it taking half a day with no spending limits. Plus you don’t need to worry about exchange rates. You don’t need to worry about interest rates and even transaction fees are close to zero for some cryptocurrencies lets, but this is where the real fund begins. And at parties, I promise the reason that cryptocurrencies are called cryptocurrencies is because they’re secured by cryptography. And one example of this, which a lot of the major cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin use is blockchain. Now people often get confused by this. Blockchain is not Bitcoin. Blockchain is not a currency itself. Blockchain is just a secure type of ledger. So you know that big spreadsheet that everyone has, that’s recording transactions.

Blockchain is just a way of organizing it, funnily enough, into blocks. So every time I pay for something with Bitcoin, that transaction is recorded as a block, each block contains transaction data like who was paid and how much a hash, which is a unique identifier and the hash of the previous block in the sequence or the last transaction that was recorded. And the pivot on which this system rest is that if something in a block has changed, then that block hash will change. You might be starting to see where this is going because each block also contains the data of the previous block. If the hash of the block here changes, then the next block will no longer have a matching hash with it. And so every subsequent block after that one becomes invalid. So if you combine this with what we talked about earlier, this whole idea of a million different users, all having their own copy of the blockchain ledger.

Then if I wanted to fraudulently create a transaction that say paid me money, I’d have to not just temper with a block and every single block after it, but I’d also have to do this on at least half a million computers around the world. So that the majority of computers in the system are also consistent with the one I’ve tampered with probably not gonna happen, whereas just hacking into someone’s dollar account and sending myself money that does happen. And it’s sometimes as simple as just literally guessing someone’s 60 Japan, but there’s a massive jump between that and trying to hack into 500,000 uncorrelated computers at once. Okay? So cryptocurrencies have their issues. I’m literally gonna get to them in a minute, but hopefully you can see why some people are excited about them. And that brings me onto investments. You’ve probably heard of people putting money into cryptocurrencies and all that is that they’re exchanging normal currencies like dollars for cryptos like Bitcoin.

They’re hoping that those cryptocurrencies become the next big thing and therefore suddenly shoot up in value at which point they can then either spend them or just exchange them back for more dollars than they bought them for. There’s actually a term for cryptocurrencies that skyrocket like this going to the moon or, but that can mean something very different depending on who you talk to. But the one decision that someone would have to make at this point is which cryptocurrency, because we’ve talked about Bitcoin, but Bitcoin is just one of over 4,000 different cryptos already. And each of them have different properties. For example, E Ethereum, which is the second most invested in can process transactions even faster than Bitcoin. There’s one called Carano, which is considered to be technologically superior. There’s one called light coin, which has a newer algorithm. And if you are enjoying this video, then a sub to the channel would be delightful.

Investment, Security and Volatility

So let me show you what I’ve done and disclaimer, this is not in any way at all financial advice. I’m not recommending this. I’ve literally only put in a small amount of money that I’m comfortable losing. And to be honest, the way I’m seeing it is more as an optimistic gamble, as opposed to a strategic investment. The only thing that you absolutely should buy is one of these hats best purchase I’ve ever made. That is why. So I’ve put 40% in Ethereum, 20% of polygon, 20% in Carano, 10% in Cari and 10% in light coin. And this portfolio has basically gone up and then down and then up and then down. And then honestly you probably get more consistency from So crypto is in a pretty way head place right now.

And this brings me onto its problems. The dark sides. 

The reason I think a lot of people don’t take crypto seriously is its volatility because these currencies are so new and they’re completely digital, like say the market for gold, no one really knows what they should be worth. And so you find that crypto prices is, are quite heavily speculative. They’re tied to the new cycle. Like when a glowing article comes out about them, prices, spiral upwards. But then when Elon Musk posts a tweets that puts them down, they go way down.

Two is the fact that they’re not really accepted as a form of payment in well, most places like, yes, I can now book holidays with crypto. I can donate to Wikipedia with crypto, but there’s been a lot of companies who are pretty back and forth with it. Microsoft Tesla, even burger king are examples of companies who said they were going to accept Bitcoin and then they said they weren’t going to accept Bitcoin.

Three: They can be an environmental concern. See the whole reason why a lot of these cryptos are so secure is because of this concept of transactions being I many, many times by many, many computers. So I think it’s a fair criticism that, that in itself creates a fundamental inefficiency. That much computing power requires a lot of electricity, but at the same time, you could counter this by saying that traditional banking use more electricity, that there are newer coins with better technology that are more efficient. And that one will be able to get that electricity from renewable sources, depends who you ask. And four, there’s also a pretty strong sentiment that because there’s no real policing or regulation on crypto right now, it’s like the perfect currency for criminals. But to be honest, I think the data speaks for itself on that one.

According to chain analysis, not 0.3, 4% of crypto transactions are criminal to 5% of normal cash transactions are criminal. And I think that’s because it’s a bit of a misconception that currencies like Bitcoin are anonymous. They’re actually synonymous, which means that even though your actual details, aren’t visible to everyone, your public key, your unique identifier will be permanently baked into the blockchain upon making transactions with it. So cash is just a bit currency for most types of criminal activity because by its very nature, it’s untraceable. Don’t ask me how I know that. But as well as the negatives, there are also just some straight up odd things that have come about because of crypto. For example, you might have heard of an NFT, a non fungible token. If you have an, you might wanna take a seat for this one, I don’t wanna call it stupid, but uh, this one’s a head scratcher.

NFT’s and Others

So you know how now you can go into an art gallery and you can pay to own a painting. Well now thanks to the blockchain. You can pay just to have digital ownership over something. So it doesn’t stop anyone from using or sharing that thing. But all it means is that you’d effectively be the owner of the original and they’d all be sharing copies of it. Even if for most intents and purposes, they look and behave identically. Like a lot of these NFTs are literally just JPEG images. I think the reason some people find this stupid and kind of funny is that there’s a distinct difference between buying an NFT and buying the rights over something. So if you buy the rights over something, that’s a very legitimate purchase because you can create merch or sell licenses with an NFT. You can’t, the original owner still has all the reproduction rights over that piece.

All it is is that you’re using the blockchain to prove that you have some ownership over that asset. But clearly just being able to say that has some value because an NFT of this Gucci ghost sold for $3,600, the CEO of Twitter, Jack Dorsey, he sold the first tweet he ever made as an NFT for 2.9 million five words. I could do that, any takers. And this one just blows my mind this photo, which is basically an overview of one guy’s pieces of art sold for 69 million. Very nice to clarify this literally just gives the buyer some digital ownership over a JPEG image.

And finally you might have heard of doge coin. Doge coin is based on the same tech as light coin, but it was created as a joke. People started sharing it and putting a bit of money into it because they thought it was funny, but that propelled its value to the point where now we have people who have actually become millionaires just because they bought doge coin when it was cheap. It’s an interesting world out there. If you did find this useful, then do consider sharing it with a friend or family member who could benefit. I would really appreciate it. And for my best phones of 2021 click here for an Instagram story that crashes your phone click here. My name is Aaron. This is Mr. Who’s. The boss I’ll catch you in the next one.